Occupational Health Strategies, Inc.
Kent W. Peterson, M.D., FACOEM
901 Preston Avenue, Suite 400
Charlottesville, Virginia 22903-4491
TEL: (434) 977-3784
FAX: (434) 977-8570
Email: OHS@HealthySelf.org


Last updated: February 17, 2009

Contents



Preface
VIII
The Editors
X
The Contributers
XI
Acknowledgements
XV
The Society of Prospective Medicine
XVI
The Institute for Health and Productivity Management
XVIII
Introduction
XX
Ethics Guidelines for the Development and Use of Health Assessments
The society of Prospective Medicine Board of Directors
XXIII


Part 1: Health Assessments



Section A: Types of Health Assessments


Health Risk Appraisal
Geoff Alexander
5
Health Status and Outcomes Assessment Tools
John E. Ware, Jr, PhD, and James E. Dewey, PhD
9
The Status of Health Status Assessment
Harry Wetzler, MD, MSPH
17
Lifestyle-Specific Outcome Measures
Dale Bond, MS, and Gerald C. Hyner, PhD
25
Screening Measures for Behavioral Health Assessment
Ronald C. Kessler, PhD, and Philip Wang, MD, DrPH
33
Measurements of Positive Health and Well-Being
C. James Frankish, PhD, Carol Herbert, MD, John H. Milsum, ScD,
and Heidi Freya Peters, MSc
41
Condition-Specific Health Assessments: Application and Disease Management
Warren E. Todd, MBA, Joseph Biskupiak, PhD, and Sandra E. Kretz, PhD
49
Public Health Surveillance: Health Appraisal for Populations
Scott Deitchman, MD, MPH, and Lee Sanderson, PhD
63


Section B: Theoretical frameworks for Health Assessment


Health Risk Appraisal from a Behavioral Perspective: Present and Future
Victor J. Steecher, PhD, MPH, and Matthew W. Kreuter, PhD, MPHM
75
Health Behavior Models
Colleen A. Redding, PhD, Joseph S. Rossi, PhD, Susan R. Rossi, PhD
Wayne F. Velicer, PhD, and James O. Prochaska, PhD
83
Communicating Health Assessment Information
Claire A. Stiles, PhD
95
The Role of Health Assessment in Planning Health Promotion Programs
Matthew W. Kreuter, PhD, MPH and Dareell P. Scharff, PhD
101
The Cost-Effectiveness of Health Promotion
John E. Riedel, MPH, MBA
111
Health, Work, and Productivity
Kent W. Peterson, MD and Sean Sullivan
119
The Theoretical and Technical Foundations of Health Measurement
Ian McDowell, PhD and Claire Newell, MA
127
The Reliability and Validity of HRA’s
Dee W. Edington, PhD, Louis Yen, PhD, and Alexandria Braunstein, MPH
135


Section C: Use and Selection of Health Assessment Tools


Population-Based Health Management-Focus On the Worksite
Kent W. Peterson, MD
145
Practical Guidelines for Maximizing the Impact of Assessments
Cori Ofstead and Diane Gobran
155
Strategies for Planning a Health Assessment Program
Gerald C. Hyner, PhD
161
Selecting a Health Assessment Tool
The Society of Prospective Medicine Task Force
169
Using Health Assessment Information in Managed Care Organizations
Ann Scheck McAlearney, ScD
173
Implementation Strategies and Application for Health Risk Appraisals
Rob Ryder, BA
179
The Usefulness of HRAs in the Workplace
Gerald C. Hyner, PhD
185
Computer Systems for Use in Health Assessments
Geoff Alexander
191
On-line Interactive Health Records and Health Assessments
Robert W. Lloyd, MBA, MA and Omar Bouhaddou, PhD
193
The Role of Health Assessment in Consumer Decision-Making and Self-Care
Donald W. Kemper, MSIE, MPH
201


Section D: Specific Applications of Health Assessments


Health Assessment at the Worksite
Paul Terry, PhD, David R. Anderson, PhD, and Seth Serxner, PhD, MPH
207
Health Risk Assessment in Office-Based Clinical Practice
James L. Early, MD, and Evan W. Kligman, MD
217
Health Risk Assessments in the Educational Setting
C. Rager, PhD, and Barbara Ritzert, MS, RNC
223
Health Assessment Within Managed Care Organizations:
Perspectives, Approaches, and Issues

Edward M. Framer, PhD, Gordon Kaplan, PhD, and Nicolaas P. Pronk, PhD
233
International Issues in Health Assessment
Dean F. Davies, MD, PhD
243
Adolescent Wellness-The Challenge of the 21st Century
Hogan, RN, MA and Richard L. Luscomb, PhD
249
Health Assessment of Seniors
John E. Riedel MPH, MBA and Harriet Hall Imrey, PhD
255
The Usefullness of Health Risk Assessment with Older Adult Populations
Carol C. Hogue, PhD, RN, FAAN, and Gordon H. DeFriese, PhD
263


Section E: Prospective Medicine


Janus: The Origins and the Future of Health Risk Appraisal
Dean F. Davies, MD, PhD
269
Specific of Survival Advantage
Lewis C. Robbins, MD, MPH
273
Annotated Bibliography
279
Glossary
289


Part II: Health Assessment Tools


Introduction
II-5

Section A: Commercial Assessments


Index of Commercial Tools by Company Name
IIA-1
HRA/HAS Comparison Chart
IIA-2

1. Health Risk Appraisals

A. INSTRUMENT SOURCES
IIA-1
B. INSTRUMENT DESCRIPTIONS:
ASAP!® Adult Health Survey
IIA-10
Building a Healthier You
IIA-14
Cardiac Risk Check (CRC)
IIA-17
CPM Customized Health Risk Assessment
IIA-21
HEALICS® Health Risk Report
IIA-24
Health appraisal Projections
IIA-27
Health & Lifestyle Questionnaire
IIA-31
Health Management System (HMS)
IIA-34
Health Quotient™ (HQ™) Online
IIA-37
Health Quotient™ (HQ™) Paper-Based
IIA-41
Health Risk Appraisal
IIA-45
HealthChek™
IIA-48
The Healthier People Network Health Risk Appraisal
IIA-51
HealthMax
IIA-56
HealthPath®
IIA-58
HealthShare®
IIA-63
HealthStep®
IIA-67
InfoMedics Dynamic Risk Appraisal (DRA)
IIA-71
INSIGHT and INSIGHT + Health Risk Assessment:INSIGHT + Online
IIA-74
Health Risk Assessment
IIA-78
Maternal Health Risk Assessment
IIA-82
MedAppraise® Adult Health Survey
IIA-85
Network Health Sytems® Health and Lifestyle Assessment
IIA-89
Patient Assessment System
IIA-93
Personal Health and Vitality Guide
IIA-97
Personal Health Evaluation™
IIA-101
Personal Risk Analysis (PRA)
IIA-105
Personal Wellness Profile Comprehensive Plus for Windows
IIA-109
RiskCalc Desktop Health Assessment
IIA-113
RickCalc Online Health Assessment
IIA-117
Senior Health Profiles™
IIA-120
Stanford Educational Assessment of Risk and Readiness for Change
IIA-123
(SEAR²CH)
IIA-126
Summex Health Monitor™
IIA-129
Summex Health Monitor Checkup™
IIA-132
Summex Health Monitor Express™
IIA-135
Summex Senior Health Monitor™
IIA-138
WellCheck Adolescent Wellness Assessment
IIA-141
Wellness Checkpoint®
IIA-144
YOU FIRST™ Health Risk Assessment
IIA-149
YOU FIRST™ Senior Health Assessment
IIA-153
2. Quality of Life/Health Status Assessment

A. INSTRUMENT SOURCES
IIA-156
B. INSTRUMENT DESCRIPTIONS:
HealthFlow
IIA-158
HealthScore™ Software
IIA-161

3. Lifestyle-Specific Assessments

A. STRESS INSTRUMENT SOURCES
IIA-165
B. INSTRUMENT DESCRIPTIONS:
StressMap® and Resiliency Map®
IIA-166
C. DIET/NUTRITIONS INSTRUMENT SOURCES
IIA-169
D. DIET/NUTRITION INSTRUMENT DESCRIPTIONS:
IIA-169
E. PHYSICAL ACTIVITY INSTRUMENT SOURCES
IIA-169
F. PHYSICAL ACTIVITY INSTRUMENT DESCRIPTIONS:
IIA-169
G. SUBSTANCE ABUSE INSTRUMENT SOURCES
IIA-170

Appendix A:
Developer/Producer Questionaire for Health Assessment Instruments
IIA-171

Section B: Research Assessments



Introduction
IIB-3

1. Health Risk Appraisals
A. SINTRUMENT SOURCES
IIB-5
B. INSTRUMENTS REPRODUCED:
The Healthier People Network HRA
IIB-6
1999 Youth Risk Behavior Survey
IIB-12
2. Quality of Life/Health Status Assessments
A. INSTRUMENT SOURCES
IIB-23
B. INSTRUMENTS REPRODUCED:
The Duke Health Profile
IIB-24
Quality of Life Inventory
IIB-26
Quality of Well-Being Scale
IIB-30
SF-36
IIB-35
SF-12
IIB-38

3. Lifestyle-Specific Assessments
A. STRESS INSTRUMENT SOURCES
IIB-41
B. STRESS INSTRUMENTS REPRODUCED:
IIB-41
C. DIET/NUTRITION INSTRUMENT SOURCES
IIB-43
D. DIET/NUTRITION INSTRUMENTS REPRODUCED:
Computer Assisted Interview Diet History Program
IIB-44
Fat Intake Scale
IIB-50
Food Questionnaire
IIB-52
NHANES III Dietary Component
IIB-64
NHANES III 24-Hour Dietary Recall Form-Worksheet
IIB-69
NHANES III Food Frequency Interview Survey
IIB-74
E. PHYSICAL ACTIVITY INSTRUMENT SOURCES
IIB-81
F. PHYSICAL ACTIVITY INSTRUMENTS REPRODUCED:
Aerobics Center Longitudinal Study
IIB-82
The Three-Day Physical Activity Record
IIB-93
G. OTHER INSTRUMENT SOURCES
IIB-99